Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the Islamic religion, Mecca is the holiest city and presently managed by the municipality of Mecca with a mayor as its head. Join Nomad List. Capital city, largest city, largest population, capital of Al Riyadh Province, capital of the Second Saudi State: Riyadh Al-Khabra: 69,690: Historical city best known for trading and goods exchange Rumailah +10,000(2006) Small village in Al-Hasa: S; Sabt Al Alaya: Sarat Abidah: Saihat +70,000 (2005) Safwa city: Sakakah: 242,813: Sharurah: 150,000: Shaqraa: Shaybah: As Sulayyil: T Mecca is also considered to be the place of birth for Muhammad and the location of Muhammad’s first revelation of the Quran. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on January 16 2018 in Society, Saudi Arabia is an Arab state found in Western Asia also referred as “the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.” Started in 1932 by Ibn Saud, it consists of ten major cities namely Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Hofuf, Ta’if, Medina, Dammam, Khobar, Khamis Mushait, and Burayda. *Expected to house over 2 million residents once completed. Regardless of their sizes and population, they all offer something unique and worthy of exploration. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Eastern Region Region (Saudi Arabia): Governorates & Cities with population statistics, charts and maps. Saudi Arabia Main Cities Islam’s two holiest cities, Makkahand Madinah, are located in Saudi Arabia. Britannia Kids Holiday Bundle! It is situated in a narrow valley 43.5 miles from Jeddah and its elevation above sea level is 908 feet. Search: Sign up. Corrections? 20 miles west of Riyadh, known for its fancy large farms and resorts. Medina city comes second after Mecca as holiest city according to Islam religion. Riyadh has a hot desert climate. Saudi Arabia is an Arab state found in Western Asia also referred as “the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.”. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. It is also the second largest city in Saudi Arabia after Riyadh and the biggest seaport in the Red Sea. Capital of the First Saudi State: Duba: Dumat Al-Jandal: Dawadmi: F; Farasan city: G; … birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, the location of the Holy Kaaba, and the focal point of the Islamic Pilgrimage (Hajj). Madinah is the city to which the Prophet Muhammad Jeddah is situated in the Hijaz Tihamah area on the coast of the Red Sea. Each of these cities in Saudi Arabia has different cultural, social and economic ties and unite together to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The valley of the Wadi Abhā near the city is filled with gardens, fields, and streams. Mainly containing the Shehri (Bani Shehr) and the Amri (Bani Amr) tribes, Including Al-Huta, Al-Rumailah, Northern & Southern Al-Omran, Ghomsi and other villages belonging to it, Largest city in Al-Qassim Province by area and third largest by population, Capital city, largest city, largest population, capital of, Historical city best known for trading and goods exchange, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 01:21. NOW 50% OFF! This is a list of cities and towns in Saudi Arabia. Riyadh is also Riyadh’s Province capital and belongs to the historical areas of Najd and Al-Yamana. Saudi Arabia cost of living, internet speed, weather and other metrics as a place to work remotely for digital nomads. Nomad List . The Arabian peninsula is regarded as a central figure in the understanding of hominin evolution and dispersals. What Are The Biggest Industries In Saudi Arabia? A 2011 study found that the first modern humans to spread east across Asia left Africa about 75,000 years ago across the Bab-el-Mandeb connecting the Horn of Africa and Arabia. Riyadh grew into a large metropolis from a small isolated town in the 1940’s. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi has great religious significance because it is the burial place of Prophet Muhammad. The Riyadh Development Authority and the mayor of Riyadh head this municipal district with the governor of Riyadh province acting as the chairperson. Arabia underwent an extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternarythat led to profound evolutionary and demograph… Updates? It is often referred as the "Radiant City" and is found in the Hejaz. Omissions? Abhā, city, southwestern Saudi Arabia. With a population of 1,919,900, Mecca gets visitors three times its population every year during the Haji pilgrimage. It is believed that Jeddah developed as a fishing hamlet by the Yemeni Quda’a tribe in 522 BC and has a tropical arid climate. The city consists of four quarters, the largest of which contains… It is situated on a plain at the western edge of Mount al-Hijāz and is surrounded by hills. There is evidence that human habitation in the Arabian Peninsula dates back to about 125,000 years ago. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. With a population of 1,271,800, Medina is the capital city of Saudi Arabia’s Al-Madinah region. 1 The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not officially recognized by the United Nations, recognized only by Turkey; see Cyprus dispute. Started in 1932 by Ibn Saud, it consists of ten major cities namely Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Hofuf, Ta’if, Medina, Dammam, Khobar, Khamis Mushait, and Burayda. The city grew at the rate of 8.2% between the years 1974-1992. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-cities-and-towns-in-Saudi-Arabia-2066809. With a population of 3,976,400, Jeddah is the largest town in Makkah Province. It is located 200miles north of Mecca and 118 miles from the red sea and located on Hejaz’s most fertile area. Mecca is Makkah area's capital city in the Hejaz area in Saudi Arabia. Find your place . Home to the Middle East's largest and world's 4th largest petrochemical company. Riyadh is the largest city in Saudi Arabia, and it is also the commercial capital of the country with a population of 6,506,700. Central Department of Statistics and Information, Council of Economic and Development Affairs, Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (central bank), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_cities_and_towns_in_Saudi_Arabia&oldid=980882347, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Largest city in the northeast of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia SAU السعودية Ar-Riyāḍ 2,149,690 16,948,388 22,678,262 27,236,156 33,413,660: Al … world 5 world_fill Cities paper_plane 5 paper_plane_fill 5 Trips chat 42 chat_fill 42 Chat. In 2009, Jeddah was positioned fourth in the Africa-Mid–East area because of its innovation. This is an alphabetically ordered list of cities and towns in Saudi Arabia.