[30] At first successful, the offensive soon met strong resistance and the Central Powers riposted with a strong counter-attack. The communist government developed industry and over time became a major, powerful union. He served as the head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Furthermore, Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik party were promising "peace, land, and bread" under a communist system. Russia's continued involvement in the war was not popular among the lower and middle classes, and especially not popular among the soldiers. [31] He formed a five-member Directory, which consisted of himself, Minister of Foreign Affairs Mikhail Tereshchenko, Minister of War General Aleksandr Verkhovsky [ru], Minister of the Navy Admiral Dmitry Verderevsky and Minister of Posts and Telegraphs Aleksei Nikitin [ru]. Furthermore, Kerensky adopted a policy that isolated the right-wing conservatives, both democratic and monarchist-oriented. Over the last several months, when factories, offices, restaurants and other places of social gathering have been (intermittently) shut, people’s creativity has taken all sorts of unexpected directions. 28 February] 1917 the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, or Ispolkom, formed – a self-appointed committee, with (eventually) three members from each of the parties represented in the Soviet. [23], Additionally, the Duma formed an executive committee which eventually became the so-called Russian Provisional Government. 25 Nov. 2020. In Russia it is most numerous in: Penza Oblast, where 20 percent reside, Moscow, where 18 percent reside and Saint Petersburg, where 10 percent reside. Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! When was the first name Kerensky first recorded in the United States? おすすめ. [39] After the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Kerensky offered his support to Joseph Stalin. The Russian army, war-weary, ill-equipped, dispirited and ill-disciplined, was disintegrating, with soldiers deserting in large numbers. 3" stipulated that the military was subordinate to Ispolkom in the political hierarchy. Click here for further potential spellings of Kerensky. Alexander Kerensky was born in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk) on the Volga River on 4 May 1881 and was the eldest son in the family. 6) abolish restrictions against Jews, After the February Revolution of 1917, he joined the newly formed Russian Provisional Government, first as Minister of Justice, then as Minister of War, and after July as the government's second Minister-Chairman. Political Figures of Russia, 1917, Biographical Dictionary, Large Russian Encyclopedia, 1993, p. 143. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Further information may be obtained by. A leader of the moderate-socialist Trudoviks faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, he was also vice-chairman of the powerful Petrograd Soviet. "alexander kerensky." Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ке́ренский, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ˈkʲerʲɪnskʲɪj]; Russian: Александръ Ѳедоровичъ Керенскій; 4 May 1881 – 11 June 1970) was a Russian lawyer and revolutionist who was a key political figure in the Russian Revolution of 1917. He was succeeded by the Menshevik, Alexander Halpern. In United States they earn 8.57% less than the national average, earning $39,450 USD per year. [35] The Bolsheviks overthrew the government rapidly by seizing governmental buildings and the Winter Palace. Kerensky was married to Olga Lvovna Baranovskaya and they had two sons, Oleg and Gleb, who both went on to become engineers. 26 October] 1917. Browse for all the origins, histories, and meanings of Kerensky … Get beautiful photos on every new browser tab. He subsequently embarked upon a mercantile career, in which he prospered. The surname Kerensky (Russian: Керенский) occurs in Russia more than any other country or territory. 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