The barcode reader is used to scan the barcode optically and convert the stripes into numerical data, which can automatically be transferred to the check-out computer (i.e. ICT is "an understanding of the range of applications and information systems". One topic that seems to come up often is understanding the difference between clinical informatics and nursing informatics. The following figure tries to explain how a computer works. She then switches her phone to GPS navigation, which works out the best route to her three calendar appointments, i.e. All Rights Reserved. b. gym, work and her 13:00 meeting. If the customer pays with cash and requires change, the cashier will enter the amount given and the check-out computer will calculate any change that should be given to the customer. The two main categories of computers are: 1. Informatics; Information technology; … Looking at the costs and benefits, transaction economics, is extremely critical in the study of the impact of a technology. ICT is the field that looks at all these technologies as one. Computers have become more like smartphones and smartphones have become more like computers. Distinguish between data and information. Computers are electronic devices that receive data, manipulate the data and then turn it into useful information, before storing it and/or sending it to someone, or somewhere, to be read or acted upon. Motivate why she would use those specific devices. (1). What is the conflict of the story sinigang by marby villaceran? ICT is learning how to uses of programs and putting that knowledge in to practice a business context and involves a lot of analysing and evaluating. Mandla’s Mathematics teacher needs to determine how the learners in her class are performing. For you to understand how a computer works, you need to understand the information-processing cycle. Computers refer to the hardware that forms part of an ICT system. Your class teacher ticks off each morning who is present at school. ICT is learning how to uses of programs and putting that knowledge in to practice a business context and involves a lot of analysing and evaluating. This section will look at the differences between the two and the importance thereof. ICT relates to the infrastructure and components of the modern computing. As such, these devices are usually excellent at their specific tasks, but they are also unable to do anything else. Identify four applications that Thembisile uses during the day. (Not so much making a powerpoint or magazine.) Get your answers by asking now. There were far fewer applications and uses of computer, and being expensive, they were mostly used in big organizations or where there were specific and specialized uses of computers. Every morning at 07:00, Thembisile is woken up by the alarm on her smartphone. Hardware, software and internet are examples of the ICT component. List three ways of how computers have benefited the economy in South Africa. Lastly, you will learn about the economic value of computers. To see how this works, think about sending a WhatsApp message from a cell phone to a friend. removes tool for defrauded students, CDC to shorten quarantine for those exposed to virus. The history of computing goes back over 2 500 years to the abacus, which is a simple calculator made from beads and wires, and is still used in some parts of the world today. What stage of the information-processing cycle is taking place at 3? The customer then pays and is given a printed till receipt showing all the items that were bought and how much each item costs. IT and ICT must not be confused with each other because they are two different fields. When computers first arrived on the scene, they were bulky, and did not have as much power and efficiency as they do today. when watching the old black&white tv series robin hood on my desktop computer, why are the characters fuzzy at times when they move around? At 22:00, her sleep application tells her it is time to sleep. To understand how it works, look at the following example. … Health informatics and health information management have grown as the two solutions to the problem of managing this data. Use the table below to guide you: 2.Answer the following questions based on the scenario below. We use this information to present the correct curriculum and How long does a fresh turkey last in the refrigerator? Looking at the figure, you will see that all basic computers consist of four functions: (This is over a billion sheets of paper!). The difference between a super computer and a mini computer is in their computing power. However, the cash register consists of much more than that. Tables 1.1 and 1.2 show the difference between data and information. Your school has bought a new computer for the administration office. Some TV programs recorded to USB can't play on  laptop (error 0x8007007b). Let’s take a look at the following examples of data and information: As you can see from this example, the data appears to be a set of random words and numbers. Identify and name two input devices. ICT is often used as a synonym for information technology. IT and ICT must not be confused with each other because they are two different fields. Using the example of the learners’ test results, if the teacher entered the incorrect marks into the computer (i.e. What's The Difference between Health Informatics And Health …. Is device A an input device or an output device? ICT stands for Information Communication and Technology (or technologies). a. There are several terms used to describe computers; most of these terms indicate the size and the capability of the computer. (There may be other data stored there as well, such as money that was taken out of the till during the day.). In this example, we will look at the processes of receiving, manipulating, storing and communicating data at a point-of-sale (POS) system. You will also look at the various components of a computer and the different types of computers available. (6), 4. a. Stock Trading Software: How Does It Help You? I'd like to go into hardware or programming.